The Lyceum Institute’s Latin program consists of three courses which introduce students to the essentials of Latin grammar and vocabulary. The program enables students to develop reading fluency for simple Latin texts, such as Caesar’s Commentarii de bello gallico or the Latin Vulgate Bible, without need of external aids. This program further enables the reading of Medieval Latin, including the works of Thomas Aquinas.
We have recently added a third course which introduces advanced students to various works of Latin prose and poetry, including early Medieval writings. Moreover, we are planning an added fourth course in 2023 to cover scholastic Latin (c.1100-1650).
Additionally, the community encourages students to make continued use of Latin in further contexts, such as the reading of philosophy, works in the liberal arts, developing conversational and listening skills, and discovering the many wonderful benefits that a study of Latin brings to the human mind.
5 July – September 27
26 July – November 15
Prose & Poetry: Thursdays
4 August – October 27
The Lyceum Institute’s Elementary Latin course, together with the Intermediate course, introduces the fundamental aspects of Classical Latin, with an emphasis on proper pronunciation, essential vocabulary, and basic grammar.
In terms of grammar, attention is placed on the mastery of morphological forms, such as: declension of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives; comparison of adjectives; and aspects of verbs in the present tense, such as active and passive voices, indicative and imperative moods, and infinitives. Participants are also introduced to the fundamental rules of syntax, including basic word relations, common noun functions, direct and indirect statements, direct questions, uses of infinitives, and subordinate clauses used in the indicative mood. All these elements are presented and reinforced though weekly practice in pronunciation, reading, and translation.
The Lyceum Institute’s Intermediate Latin course is the second of a two-course sequence introducing the fundamental vocabulary and grammar of Classical Latin.
Building off of material presented in the Elementary Latin course, this course introduces participants to a sizable amount of essential vocabulary and more advanced grammatical concepts. Particular grammatical emphases include: a presentation of the complete verbal system, including all tenses, voices, and moods; a fuller sense of the forms and uses of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and conjunctions; and a more intensive study of the structure and usage of clauses. As in the Elementary course, this course emphasizes the development of reading skills, with a focus on the comprehension of grammatical concepts. The goal of the course is twofold: first, to learn the essential grammar and vocabulary necessary to comprehend simple Latin texts; second, to aid understanding of the principles of general grammar, or the grammatical concepts that underlie all languages.
The Lyceum Institute’s prose and poetry course introduces participants with advanced Latin experience to unadapted selections from the following Latin works: the historico-political prose of Caesar’s Commentaries on the Gallic War, the poetry of Vergil’s Aeneid, and the philosophical or theological prose of medieval authors.
There are three principal objectives for this course: first, to familiarize participants with the developments in vocabulary and grammar that arise through different periods of Latin literature; second, to orient participants to the different interpretative techniques needed to understand the various genres of Latin literature; third, and perhaps most crucially, to help participants advance from a potential rigid adherence to grammatical rules towards true fluency: i.e., the ability to provide fluid, accurate, and confident translations of sophisticated Latin texts.